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Posted by Energetic
The Krasnoyarsk Dam is a 124-metre (407 ft) high concrete gravity dam located on the Yenisey River about 30 kilometres (19 mi) upstream from Krasnoyarsk in Divnogorsk, Russia. Krasnoyarsk Hydroelectric power plant was constructed from 1956 to 1972 and supplies 6,000 MW of power, mostly used to supply the KrAZ (Krasnoyarsky Aluminievyy Zavod, Krasnoyarsk Aluminum Plant). Both power and aluminum plants are controlled by the RUSAL company.
As a result of the damming, the Krasnoyarskoye reservoir was created. This reservoir, also known as Krasnoyarskoye More (Krasnoyarsk Sea), has an area of 2,130 square kilometres (820 sq mi) and a volume of 73.3 cubic kilometres (18 cu mi). It is 388 km (241 mi) in length and 15 km (9 mi) in width at its widest, has an average depth of 36.6 m (120.1 ft), and a depth of 105 m (344 ft) near the dam.
The Krasnoyarsk Hydroelectric power plant has greatly affected the local climate. Before the dam was built, the Yenisey in that area was free from ice around 196 days per year. Now it is free from ice the entire year up to 300 to 400 km downstream. The huge amount of water stored in Krasnoyarskoye reservoir makes the local climate more warm and humid.
The dam is equipped with a canal inclined plane to allow passage of ships. Held to be a landmark symbol of Krasnoyarsk, it is depicted on the 10-ruble bill.
The dam with one of the spillways open.
|Length||1,065 m (3,494 ft)|
|Height||124 m (407 ft)|
|Capacity||73.3 km3 (17.6 cu mi)|
|Surface area||2,130 km2 (822 sq mi)|
|Power generation information|
|Installed capacity||6,000 MW|